Categories for the Description of Works of Art
Categories for the Description of Works of Art" is a metadata standard for art objects and their visual surrogates, developed by a task force sponsored by the College Art Association and the Getty Trust. Version 2.0 includes a fully revised text, new sections covering artist, subject, and other "authorities," an entity relationship diagram, and 32 cataloging examples of different types of works of art and material culture, with accompanying images. The CDWA definitions document (with examples) is available as a PDF file for easy printing.
Federal Geographic Data Committee Standards
Standards from the FDGC include Geographic Information Framework Standard, Address Data Stanard, and the FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata.
Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS)
The METS scheme is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative and structural metadata regarding objects in a digital library, expressed using the SML schema language. METS is an initiative of the Digital Library Federation and is maintained by the Library of Congress.
Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS)
The Library of Congress' Network Development and MARC Standards Office, with interested experts, has developed a schema for a bibliographic element set that may be used for a variety of purposes, and particularly for library applications. As an XML schema, the "Metadata Object Description Schema" (MODS) is intended to be able to carry selected data from existing MARC 21 records as well as to enable the creation of original resource description records.
IMAP Cataloging Project
There are many groups addressing the issues of organizing digital objects. The Independent Media Arts Preservation group has a website that will assist independent producers and arts and cultural organizations catalog their collections. The focus is non-commercial production including video art, audio art, technology based installation art, etc. The site provides a standardized template for use by these organizations. The template is based on MARC and AACR-2 cataloging rules.
International Guidelines for Museum Object Information: The CIDOC Information Categories
Produced by the International Council of Museums (ICOM). A description of the information categories that can be used when developing records about the objects in museum collections.
"The USMARC formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information in machine readable form." They contain an explicit set of rules for the structure of fields and the conventions and content values within those fields. More information about the MARC standard is available at this website.
Recordkeeping Metadata Standard for Commonwealth Agencies
The National Archives of Australia has made available on their website metadata standards that the National Archives of Australia recommends should be captured in the recordkeeping systems used by Commonwealth government agencies. This standard has its roots in the Dublin Core and is worth looking at, especially in light of the importance of defining a workable metadata standard. Part One of the standard explains the importance of standardized recordkeeping metadata and details the scope, intended application, and features of the standard. Part Two of the standard provides details on the basic set of 20 metadata elements and 65 subelements and defines them in relation to their purpose and rationale.
Resource Description Framework
The RDF, developed in collaboration with the W3 consortium, is designed to provide an infrastructure to support metadata across many web-based activities. Example applications include digital collections, search engine data collection, and distributed authoring. The RDF allows different application communities to define a metadata element set that best serves the needs of that community. Using XML as a transfer syntax, the RDF provides a uniform, interoperable means to exchange metadata between programs and across the web and a machine-understandable semantics for metadata. The W3C has granted Proposed Recommendation Status to the RDF Model and Syntax specification.
SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language) is a markup language used for describing structural divisions in a text. XML (Extensible Markup Language) is designed to enable the use of SGML on the WWW. XML allows you to define your own customized markup language for many classes of documents. See also "A Gentle Introduction to SGML", a detailed but readable introduction to what SGML is and does.
From MARC to Markup: SGML and Online Library Systems
An article (1996) by Edward Gaynor that addresses markup languages--in this case, SGML-- and its relationship to library catalogs.
TEI Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange
The Text Encoding Initiative (TEI) is an international project to develop guidelines for the preparation and exchange of electronic texts for scholarly research. The TEI has created a set of SGML encoded Document Type Definitions (DTD's) for social science and humanities-related texts. One of TEI's most useful innovations is the TEI header, a place where a TEI-conformant document's metadata is found.
Best Practices for TEI in Libraries
Visual Resources Association Core Categories
These elements are mapped to MARC, the Categories for the Descriptions of Works of Art (CDWA) and the RLG REACH element set for description of museum objects. The Core Categories for Visual Resources is "intended as a guideline for describing visual documents depicting works of art, architecture, and artifacts or structures from material, popular, and folk culture." The categories allow for the description of the original work as well as for the visual documentation of that work
Z39.50 Maintenance Agency Homepage (LC)
Z39.50 is an international standard that allows for communication across networked computers used for searching and retrieving information. As many libraries begin delivering web-accessible searching of their catalogs, Z39.50 may become an important standard to watch when considering the integration of online digital image resources with other online resources.
The Open Archives Initiative
The Open Archives Initiative
The Open Archives Initiative develops and promotes interoperability standards that aim to facilitate the efficient dissemination of content. The Open Archives Initiative has its roots in an effort to enhance access to e-print archives as a means of increasing the availability of scholarly communication. Continued support of this work remains a cornerstone of the Open Archives program.
Exposing and Harvesting Metadata Using the OAI Metadata Harvesting Protocol: A Tutorial
This article outlines the ideas behind the Open Archives Initiative metadata harvesting protocol (OAIMH), and clarifies some common misconceptions. The author considers how the OAIMH protocol can be used to expose and harvest metadata. Perl code examples are given as practical illustration.
Open Archives Initiative: Object Reuse and Exchange
Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange defines standards for the description and exchange of aggregations of web resources. The goal of these standards is to expose the rich content in these aggregations to applications that support authoring, deposit, exchange, visualization, reuse and preservation.